To add insult to injury, some factual errors would really irritate any history buff : the American dauntless could never match the speed of the Japanese zeros, and this is a well known fact.
midway showtimes manhattan – Battle Of Midway
The Battle of Midway was an epic clash between the U.S. Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy that played out six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor The U.S. Navy’s decisive victory in the air-sea battle (June 3-6, 1942) and its successful defense of the major base located at Midway Island dashed Japan’s hopes of neutralizing the United States as a naval power and effectively turned the tide of World War II in the Pacific. Cox was especially excited to see an accurate depiction of American code breakers, lead by Joseph Rochefort (Brennan Brown) and Naval Intelligence officer Edwin Layton (Patrick Wilson). The group determined the time and location of the Japanese surprise attack, even the direction from which the strike would come, with stunning accuracy.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. IV: Coral Sea, Midway and Submarine Actions, May 1942-August 1942. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1950. As with many “carrier films” produced around this time, the US Navy Essex-class aircraft carrier USS Lexington played the parts of both American and Japanese flattops for shipboard scenes.
Japan’s efforts to establish clear naval and air superiority in the western Pacific first hit a snag in the Battle of the Coral Sea in May 1942, when the U.S. fleet turned back a Japanese invasion force headed for New Guinea. Despite the setback, Admiral Isaroku Yamamoto , commander of the Imperial Japanese Navy, was convinced his forces enjoyed a numerical advantage over the Americans.
The film’s most exciting sequences put you in the seat of Dick Best (Ed Skrein), a naval pilot known for taking chances, as he risks his life repeatedly, dive-bombing airstrips on carriers to handicap Japan’s fighting ability. With point-of-view shots and sound that comes at you from all directions, Emmerich conjures an immersive sense of hurtling toward almost-certain death while under heavy fire.
More World War II veterans who worked on “Midway”: Glenn Ford (60) served in the Marine Corps , Hal Holbrook (51) joined the Army, Cliff Roberston (52) served in the Merchant Marine, Robert Webber (51) served in the Pacific with the Marines, screenwriter Donald S Sanford (58) served in the Navy and director Jack Smight (51) actually flew missions in the Pacific for the Army Air Forces. Robert Mitchum (58) didn’t serve but worked as a machinist in a Lockheed Aircraft factory.
As for the length of the two films, there’s only about a six-minute difference, with the newer Midway sporting the surplus — lasting two hours, 18 minutes. But even at this, the newer movie seems to suffer slightly for attempting to encompass what amounts to a nearly a five-year back tory into a prelude to the June 1942 battle. In contrast, the ’76 Midway’s two-hour and 12 minutes affords coverage of roughly a six-week story package — something that’s more digestible.
Bruno Gaido (Nick Jonas) was an Air Machinist Mate in one of the planes that dive-bombed the Japanese carrier Kaga, but ran out of fuel and was advised to abandon the aircraft. The crew of a different Japanese carrier, Makigumo, picked him up. A postwar investigation found Japanese accounts that said he was interrogated and then thrown overboard with weights attached to his feet, drowning him.
Midway is well made thrown back to the historical war movie epics of the 1960s and 1970s, covering a wide spectrum of elements that made up a key moment in history. It’s not a perfect film, but its one of the best of its type to be made in a good long while.
At the beginning of the Battle of Midway, the Japanese Army was also attempting to invade the Aleutian Islands. Some believe the Aleutian attack was launched to draw US forces away from Midway, making the latter invasion easier for the Japanese.
Convinced that the U.S. aircraft carrier fleet, which had escaped damage at Pearl Harbor, must now be dealt with to prevent another raid like Doolittle’s, the Japanese commanders decided to lure it into a trap at Midway. Instead, thanks to Layton, the carriers were waiting for the Japanese and succeeded in snaring them.
The proof of concept network,” according to the city’s Midway planning study, will extend north on East 55th to the lake and out St. Clair Avenue to Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard. Preliminary funding discussions have begun for this component of the overall Midway network.
By the middle of the 1980’s, Midway’s importance as a strategic outpost had waned. Nuclear-powered submarines and refueling at sea had made the island’s job as a refueling station obsolete. Satellites had replaced the radar planes and the end of the Cold War made the underwater listening posts unnecessary. Although the Navy still administered the atoll, it became a National Wildlife Refuge in 1988. The island’s facilities closed for good in 1993 and the last Navy personnel left in 1997 after cleaning up decades of environmentally hazardous waste.
At a private screening Thursday for the movie based on the battle he saw with his own eyes — we’ll get to how bad the movie was in a second — the 94-year-old quietly recounted his experience aboard the USS Yorktown (CV-5) and the months leading up to that pivotal engagement.
The golden age of flight once again changed Midway’s mission. In 1935, Pan American Airlines began operating the China Clipper, a large flying boat that made regular flights between Manila and San Francisco. The plane made several stops along the way and Midway was one of them. The passengers, all of whom had paid enormous sums of money to make the trip, stayed overnight in the Pan Am Hotel, located on one of the atoll’s islands. The hotel earned the nickname “Gooneyville Lodge” after the Gooney birds (actually albatrosses) who lived on the islands in large numbers.
Meanwhile, a wave of U.S. Devastator torpedo bombers from the U.S. carriers Hornet and Enterprise arrived to attack the Japanese ships. Unescorted by fighter planes, nearly all of them were shot down by Japanese Zero fighters. But about an hour later, as the Japanese refueled and rearmed their planes, another wave of U.S. carrier-launched bombers struck, hitting three Japanese carriers—Akagi, Kaga and Soryu—and setting them ablaze.
They were aided by the work of Lt. Cmdr. Edwin Layton (Patrick Wilson), a brilliant intelligence officer who correctly surmised that the Japanese were intent on mounting an assault on Midway Island and thus enabled American forces to get the drop on them. Layton’s most significant subordinate was eccentric codebreaker Joseph Rochefort (Brennan Brown).
Meanwhile, on 29 May, seaplane tender USS Thornton (AVD-11) arrived at French Frigate Shoals to relieve light minelayer USS Preble (DM-20) on patrol station there. The presence of U.S. ships prevented the Japanese from refueling flying boats to reconnoiter Pearl Harbor. Although the Japanese could not visually confirm the departure of Task Forces 16 and 17 from Pearl Harbor; American preparations to defend Midway were more apparent to the enemy. Japanese COMINT stations not only learned of carrier movements in and out of Pearl Harbor, simply by listening to increased air-ground radio chatter, but traffic analysis of “Urgent” radio messages coming out of Pearl Harbor suggested at least one U.S. Navy task force was at sea. Incredibly, this information was withheld from the Midway strike force because of Yamamoto’s strict radio silence restrictions.
Though the production had the cooperation of the Department of Defense and was allowed to shoot on location at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam near Honolulu, it’s still heavily reliant on CGI to stage its giant battle on a budget —Midway ’19 cost about half what Christopher Nolan’s Dunkirk did, and looks it. The animation isn’t quite as dodgy on the big screen as it appears in the movie’s ads, though.
The United States was aware that the Japanese were planning an attack in the Pacific (on a location the Japanese code-named AF”) because Navy cryptanalysts had begun breaking Japanese communication codes in early 1942. The attack location and time were confirmed when the American base at Midway sent out a false message that it was short of fresh water. Japan then sent a message that AF” was short of fresh water, confirming that the location for the attack was the base at Midway. Station Hypo (where the cryptanalysts were based in Hawaii) was able to also give the date (June 4 or 5) and the order of battle of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Cryptanalysts and linguists led by Commander Joseph Rochefort (played by Brennan Brown in the film) broke the Japanese Navy’s main operational code in March 1942 , enabling the American intelligence unit—nicknamed Station Hypo—to track the enemy’s plans for an invasion of the still-unidentified AF.” Rochefort was convinced AF” stood for Midway, but his superiors in Washington disagreed. To prove his suspicions, Rochefort devised the low supplies” ruse , confirming AF”’s identity and spurring the Navy to take decisive counter-action.
The Japanese assumed that the U.S. aircraft carrier Yorktown, which been damaged during the Battle of the Coral Sea, would be unavailable at Midway. In fact, the damaged carrier was repaired in only two days at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, and left on May 30 to regroup with other U.S. ships near Midway in preparation for Japan’s attack.